Abstinence Based Treatment vs. Medication Assisted Treatment (M.A.T.)
A person suffering from opioid or heroin addiction has options in considering what treatment plan to choose to fight their addiction. There is an opiate and heroin epidemic and communities, legislatures, and medical communities are working hard to find ways to help those struggling. There are essentially two treatment plans available that are proven to be effective. An addict may choose an abstinence based treatment plan, or a treatment plan referred to as M.A.T. (Medication Assistance Treatment). Abstinence based vs. M.A.T…let’s delve a little further into each of these treatment plans.
Obviously, with an abstinence based treatment plan, no medications are used. Addicts decide to go “cold turkey” to fight their addiction. Many believe that giving a drug (a crutch) to treat a drug addiction is not a way to fight drug addiction. You are just simply choosing one drug over another to fight the problem. It is believed that the patient needs to develop inner and outer resources to cope with withdrawal from the drug of choice, cravings of the drug, and the every day happenings of life. Those who go without medicine usually enroll in support environments such as Alcoholics Anonymous and/or Narcotics Anonymous. There is a 12 step program to conquering the addiction and there are many who have found this treatment to be effective and successful. Counselors are typically not doctors, but are former addicts who have successfully completed these programs and are now living sober, full lives.
Many believe that abstinence based treatment is outdated. It is a commonly accepted practice that psychiatric and medical conditions are treated with medications. MAT was a key part of the Obama Administrations plan to fight opioid addiction. The goal of addiction is recovery; a life without the misuse of drugs, alcohol, or medications.
For many opioid and heroin addicts, the withdrawal symptoms and cravings are more than they can tolerate. A MAT plan allows this patient to stay in treatment and be healed. Methadone, Buprenorphine, and Vivitrol are common medications administered to the opioid or heroin addicted patient.
Methadone –used for decades to treat heroin and opioid addiction. Methadone is an opioid that can reduce or eliminate cravings and withdrawal symptoms without creating the “high” feelings. Methadone can be habit forming and should only be taken as prescribed as issued by a licensed physician. When taken as prescribed, it is safe and effective. Average time a patient is on medication, 3-5 years.
Buprenorphine – a partial opioid prescription drug, sold under the brand name Suboxone. Buprenorphine tricks the brain into thinking an opioid is in the body, suppressing or eliminating withdrawal and cravings. The medication is in tablet or film form. Suboxone treatment usually requires a clinic visit once a month to renew the prescription and get a drug test. Once the medication is no longer needed, it is slowly tapered off with usually no side effects. Suboxone may be habit forming. This medication should only be taken as directed by a physician.
Vivitrol – A non opioid based medication that negates the effect of opiates in the brain. Vivitrol reduces the cravings, so that patients can participate full in treatment. The medication is given once a month by a physician as a shot. This drug is most effective during the first 3 months of recovery and is not addictive. The disadvantage of Vivitrol is a patient can’t take it until they have been heroin or opiate free for at least 2 weeks. Since some patients can’t take the withdrawal symptoms without medication help, this option is not available for everyone.
Regardless of your view of abstinence vs. MAT plans, there are pros and cons to each. Many recovering addicts want to abstain from using medications in rehab and choose the abstinence based treatment. However for others, withdrawal symptoms can be unbearable and many addicts have been dependent on the opioid so long, it is virtually impossible for them to even think about going “cold turkey”. They need the help that Medical assistance treatment gives them to get through detox and starting the road to recovery. Many things need to be considered when choosing which course of action to take to fight the addiction… the addict’s age, resolve, health, length of addiction, finances, outside influences, just to name a few.
At New Day Recovery, we specialize in the treatment of opiate pain medication and heroin. We pride ourselves in creating individual protocols based upon your needs to provide you an opportunity for a life long recovery.
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